PROTECT, ALERT, HELP the injured

PROTECT, ALERT, HELP the injured by Car crash lawyer

PROTECT, ALERT, HELP the injured

What to do in the event of a road accident with injuries?

A careless mistake, a sudden fatigue, a mechanical problem, … and it’s an accident.

When you arrive on the scene of an accidentif the help is already presentyou must not not clutter the place and have to move.

If the accident has just taken place and the emergency services are not yet present, you absolutely must you STOP and PROVIDE ASSISTANCE to potential victims (article 223-6 of the Penal Code: No assistance to the person in dangerspecifies the penalties incurred by “Anyone who voluntarily refrains from bringing to a person in danger the assistance that, without risk for himself or for third parties, he thought to lend him…”).

Learn the right reflexes because life sometimes depends on a single gesture.


The first steps to take are those that allowavoid the aggravation of the accident :

  • Park 100 or 150m after the accident so as not to constitute an additional risk of accident and not to impede the approach of the emergency services. Get everyone out of your vehicle and take them to safety behind the safety barrier or in a field;
  • Turn off the ignition of damaged vehicles (possibly disconnect the battery) and apply the handbrake;
  • Use if possible the hazard lights ;

  • Descend and take cover behind the security barrier or in a field all able-bodied or slightly injured occupants of the accident vehicle(s);
  • Mark the places of the accident in both directions (pre-signaling triangles placed at least 30 meters and, if necessary, before the bend preceding the accident. The triangle must be visible at 100 meters);
  • Place, if possible, on each direction of traffic, people waving ;
  • Light up crashed vehicles at night (main beam of another vehicle parked on the shoulder, etc.);
  • Do not smoke and make sure no one smokes to limit the fire hazard ;
  • As far as possible, do not change the condition.


After a quick analysis of the situation, alert as soon as possible. Every minute, see every second counts!

On highwayuse in priority call terminals which will facilitate your location and therefore the speed of rescue.

On the road, call one of the following four numbers (from a telephone box, from an individual):

EMS: 15
or call 112,
(European emergency telephone number intended for French nationals abroad in the Europe zone or for foreigners in France).

Give full information to the emergency services

  • describe the exact location of the accident: name of the road, direction in which the accident occurred… (refer to the signs, bollards…);
  • mention it number, type of damaged vehiclesand any special circumstances;
  • inform about the wounded (number, apparent condition of the victims, etc.);


While waiting for help to arrive, you shouldassist the injured without risking aggravating their condition.

  • talk to the injured person: it will reassure him and keep him awake;
  • cover the wounded: a wounded man in a state of shock is always cold;
  • If the injured person is bleeding profusely:
    • try tostop the bleeding by compressing the wound with a large dressing (towel for example) or with your fist;
    • you can fix the bandage with a tight band strongly but without excess;
    • do not place a tourniquet only when absolutely necessary without forgetting to indicate the time when you put it down.
  • If the injured person is not breathing (or is breathing very badly):
    • loosen his clothes;
    • rid his mouth of foreign bodies (blood clots, dirt, dentures, etc.);
    • if necessary, practice mouth to mouth;

    What not to do:

    • Give something to drink to an injured person;
    • Transporting a seriously injured person in his car;
    • Remove the helmet of an injured motorcyclist;
    • Leave the injured person exposed to the cold or bad weather (cover him with a blanket);
    • Move an injured person, or try to get him out of a car, except to protect him from an imminent risk (fire, landslide, drowning, fall into a ravine) – provided you do not put your own life in danger;
    Note – If the movement of an injured person is made compulsory by one of the cases mentioned above, take care to:

    • do not pull the injured person by the limbs;
    • avoid twisting the spine;
    • place the injured person in the Lateral Safety Position (lying on the side with the knee bent so that he does not roll);

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